Óscar Romero's Theological Vision

Liberation and the Transfiguration of the Poor

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Edgardo Colón-Emeric
  • Notre Dame, IN: 
    University of Notre Dame Press
    , October
     418 pages.
     For other formats: Link to Publisher's Website.
Review coming soon!

Review by Leo Guardado forthcoming.


On March 24, 1980, Archbishop Óscar Romero was assassinated as he celebrated mass in El Salvador. As the Catholic Church prepares to declare Romero a saint, Colón-Emeric explores the life and thought of Romero and his theological vision, which finds its focus in the mystery of the transfiguration.

Romero is now understood to be one of the founders of liberation theology, which interprets Scripture through the plight of the poor. His theological vision is most succinctly expressed by his saying, “Gloria Dei, vivens pauper”: “The glory of God is the poor who lives.” God’s glory was first revealed through Christ to a landless tenant farmer, a market woman, and an unemployed laborer, and they received the power to shine from the church to the world.

Colón-Emeric’s study is an exercise in what Latino/a theologians call ressourcement from the margins, or a return to theological foundations. One of the first Latin American Church Fathers, Romero’s theological vision is a sign of the emergence of Christianity in the Global South from “reflection” Church to “source” Church. The hope for this study is that scholars in the fields of theology, religious studies, and Latin American studies will be captivated by the doctrine of this humble pastor and inspired to think more clearly and act more decisively in solidarity with the poor.

About the Author(s)/Editor(s)/Translator(s): 

Edgardo Colón-Emeric is Director of the Center for Reconciliation at Duke Divinity School.

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