The Art of Conversion

Christian Visual Culture in the Kingdom of Kongo

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Cécile Fromont
Published for the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture, Williamsburg, Virginia
  • Chapel Hill, NC: 
    The University of North Carolina Press
    , December
     328 pages.
     For other formats: Link to Publisher's Website.


2015 Award for Best First Book in the History of Religions, American Academy of Religion

2015 Albert J. Raboteau Book Prize, Journal of Africana Religions

Finalist, 2015 Melville J. Herskovits Award, African Studies Association

This book has been reviewed in JAAR by Akin Akinade. Click here to read the review.

Between the sixteenth and the nineteenth centuries, the west central African kingdom of Kongo practiced Christianity and actively participated in the Atlantic world as an independent, cosmopolitan realm. Drawing on an expansive and largely unpublished set of objects, images, and documents, Cécile Fromont examines the advent of Kongo Christian visual culture and traces its development across four centuries marked by war, the Atlantic slave trade, and, finally, the rise of nineteenth-century European colonialism. By offering an extensive analysis of the religious, political, and artistic innovations through which the Kongo embraced Christianity, Fromont approaches the country’s conversion as a dynamic process that unfolded across centuries. 

The African kingdom’s elite independently and gradually intertwined old and new, local and foreign religious thought, political concepts, and visual forms to mold a novel and constantly evolving Kongo Christian worldview. Fromont sheds light on the cross-cultural exchanges between Africa, Europe, and Latin America that shaped the early modern world, and she outlines the religious, artistic, and social background of the countless men and women displaced by the slave trade from central Africa to all corners of the Atlantic world.

About the Author(s)/Editor(s)/Translator(s): 

Cécile Fromont is assistant professor of art history and the College at the University of Chicago.


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