To download a PDF of this style guide, please click here.

For matters that are not specifically addressed here, please follow the Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition


  • e.g., i.e.,  should be used only in parentheses, and with a comma following
  • Use double quotes (single quotes only within double quotes)
  • Use serial comma
  • Use gender-neutral language
  • No space between initials in names (e.g., .E.B. White, not E. B. White)
  • Give the first name(s) of an author the first time you cite them
  • Fix which versus that
  • Omit ellipses at beginning and end of quotes (with a possible exception for dialogue)
  • Silently capitalize or lowercase initial letter of quote
  • Spell out acronyms once, then use (almost) exclusively
  • Italicize all uncommon foreign words at every instance
  • Set words used as words in italics if they are not in double quotes
  • Do not italicize punctuation with italicized words
  • Do not leave two spaces after a period


  • Spell out numbers one to ninety-nine, except with percent (16% not sixteen percent)
  • Spell out large, round whole numbers
  • use ordinals for centuries (e.g., 19th century, not nineteenth century)


  • Generally, use “down” style, lowercasing in most cases, particularly official titles standing alone (i.e., the president, but President Clinton); marxist, biblical, religious studies, Islamic studies, history of religions
  • uppercase titles of book series, but do not put in double quotes
  • Use American spelling, not British
  • chapter, not chap.
  • for example, not e.g. (except in parentheses)
  • that is, not i.e. (except in parentheses)
  • lowercase book parts/use numerals for book parts: part 2, chapter 11
  • internet, web, website, e-mail,
  • numbered lists in text should be rendered with arabic numerals in parentheses, and semicolons between clauses (e.g., we will (1) copy edit the text; (2) return it to the author; (3) wait for author approval; and (4) post the review to the website)
  • the West, Western when referring to the Occident, except westernization; otherwise lowercase
  • Orient, East, Eastern when referring to the Orient except oriental and orientalism; otherwise lowercase
  • the Other (capped when used as specific reference to those seen as different)


  • Use page numbers in parentheses for references to the reviewed book.
  • For citations to other works—which should be kept to a minimum—put the entire citation in parentheses before the period that closes the sentence, as this example:  (Karen Armstrong, Fields of Blood: Religion and the History of Violence, Anchor, 2015, 23).  (Note: city of publication is not included; page number is optional)