How the Light Gets In

Ethical Life I

Reddit icon
e-mail icon
Twitter icon
Facebook icon
Google icon
LinkedIn icon
Graham Ward
  • New York, NY: 
    Oxford University Press
    , April
     392 pages.
     For other formats: Link to Publisher's Website.


How the Light Gets In is the first of a projected four-volume systematic theology by Graham Ward, Regius Professor of Divinity at Oxford University. In this work, Ward pulls together his wide range of research and writing interests into an integrated whole that emphasizes the ethical dimension of Christian theology.

This first volume serves as a kind of prolegomena. It addresses a wide variety of themes in order to establish the grounding for what Ward calls an “engaged systematic theology.” Volume II (which will be called Another Kind of Normal: Ethical Life II) will focus on christology, and in light of christology, take up themes such as revelation, anthropology, and creation. Volume III (The Vision of God: Ethical Life III) will deal with ecclesiology, pneumatology, and the doctrine of God. The series will conclude with a fourth volume (Communio Santorum: A Theology of Religions) that will consider both world Christianities and non-Christian religions in light of the systematic account Ward will provide in volumes II and III.

This series promises to be a distinctive take on these crucial themes given Ward’s emphasis on Christianity’s engagement with culture, his “radical orthodox” sensibility, and his practical concerns.

In volume I, Ward begins with a historical survey that traces the evolution of Christian systematic theology from creedal formulations through the emergence of Thomas Aquinas’s Summa Theologiae, and culminating in the creation of Protestant dogmatics. He chooses somewhat surprising exemplars to illumine these three approaches: Cyril of Jerusalem (d. 386), Hugh of St. Victor (d. 1141), and Philip Melanchthon (d. 1560).

Ward then explains what he means by “engaged systematics.” He sees his approach as a “corrective” to the “disembedded” and adversarial character of most Christian systematic theology throughout history. He hopes for a theology that will empower “a life of embodied practices all of which can be summed up as prayer” (117).

In the second half of the book, Ward illumines how engaged systematics works, with discussion of various themes such as truth, revelation, judgment, discernment, proclamation, faith seeking understanding, and believing.

Part of what makes these accounts engaging is how Ward continues to bring into the conversation unexpected sources: British psychiatrist Iain McGilchrist, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, and the film The Blair Witch Project.

It is good to read an in-depth treatment of doctrinal theology that ranges so widely. Ward challenges the reader to think far beyond the standard mainstream of Christian sources, and to imagine how Christian theology can encompass the wideness of contemporary culture.

At the same time, the book lacks clarity. Though he addresses a wide variety of themes, Ward does not give us a focused sense of what he means by systematic theology and how these various themes fit within his systematics. And although the subtitle promises a focus on ethics, and claims for “engaged systematics” promise a practical emphasis where theology might actually speak to concrete human life, the actual content of the book remains quite abstract, dealing with the world of ideas, not the world of on-the-ground social engagement and political transformation. Part of the reason for this is that Ward more or less ignores the content of the Bible, except for occasional citations of isolated verses. By making his systematics post-biblical, Ward marginalizes the main resource from the Christian tradition that could actually help his writing engage practical life.

About the Reviewer(s): 

Ted Grimsrud is senior professor of peace theology at Eastern Mennonite University.

Date of Review: 
March 7, 2017
About the Author(s)/Editor(s)/Translator(s): 

Graham Ward is Regius Professor of Divinity at the University of Oxford and Extraordinary Professor of Systematic Theology and Ecclesiology at the University of Stellenbosch, South Africa. His previous publications include Unbelievable: Why We Believe and Why We Don't (I.B.Taurus, 2013), The Politics of Discipleship: Becoming Post-material Citizens (SCM, 2009), and True Religion (Wiley Blackwell, 2002). He is the co-editor of The Oxford Handbook of Theology and Modern European Thought (OUP, 2013).




Reading Religion welcomes comments from AAR members, and you may leave a comment below by logging in with your AAR Member ID and password. Please read our policy on commenting.