Occult Roots of Religious Studies

On the Influence of Non-Hegemonic Currents on Academia around 1900

Reddit icon
e-mail icon
Twitter icon
Facebook icon
Google icon
LinkedIn icon
Editor(s): 
Yves Mühlematter, Helmut Zander
  • Berlin: 
    De Gruyter
    , June
     2021.
     295 pages.
     $63.99.
     E-Book.
    ISBN
    9783110660173.
     For other formats: Link to Publisher's Website.
Review coming soon!

Review by W. Michael Ashcraft forthcoming.

Description

The historiographers of religious studies have written the history of this discipline primarily as a rationalization of ideological, most prominently theological and phenomenological ideas: first through the establishment of comparative, philological and sociological methods and secondly through the demand for intentional neutrality. This interpretation caused important roots in occult-esoteric traditions to be repressed.

This process of “purification” (Latour) is not to be equated with the origin of the academic studies. De facto, the elimination of idealistic theories took time and only happened later. One example concerning the early entanglement is Tibetology, where many researchers and respected chair holders were influenced by theosophical ideas or were even members of the Theosophical Society. Similarly, the emergence of comparatistics cannot be understood without taking into account perennialist ideas of esoteric provenance, which hold that all religions have a common origin.

In this perspective, it is not only the history of religious studies which must be revisited, but also the partial shaping of religious studies by these traditions, insofar as it saw itself as a counter-model to occult ideas.

About the Author(s)/Editor(s)/Translator(s): 

Yves Mühlematter, University of Fribourg, Freiburg, Switzerland

Helmut Zander, University of Fribourg, Freiburg, Switzerland

Comments

Reading Religion welcomes comments from AAR members, and you may leave a comment below by logging in with your AAR Member ID and password. Please read our policy on commenting.