Women Praying and Prophesying in Corinth

Gender and Inspired Speech in First Corinthians

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Jill E. Marshall
  • Tübingen, Germany: 
    Mohr Siebeck GmbH & Company KG
    , September
     255 pages.
     For other formats: Link to Publisher's Website.


In First Corinthians, Paul makes two conflicting statements about women's speech: He crafts a difficult argument about whether men and women should cover their heads while praying or prophesying (11:2-16) and instructs women to be silent in the assembly (14:34-35). These two statements bracket an extended discussion about inspired modes of speech - prophecy and prayer in tongues. From these exegetical observations, Jill E. Marshall argues that gender is a central issue throughout 1 Corinthians 11-14 and the religious speaking practices that prompted Paul's response. She situates Paul's arguments about prayer and prophecy within their ancient Mediterranean cultural context, using literary and archaeological evidence, and examines the differences in how ancient writers described prophetic speech when voiced by a man or a woman.

About the Author(s)/Editor(s)/Translator(s): 

Jill E. Marshall (PhD, Emory University) is the Publications and Communications Specialist for the American Academy of Religion. She has written articles published in Journal of Biblical LiteratureNew Testament Studies, and Novum Testamentum.


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